JAVA Classical Dance
CLASSICAL JAVANESE DANCES
the classical Javanese dance-dramas and sendratari, Surakarta style
and Yogyakarta style, there are other independent dances which have
always been popular with Indonesians especially the Javanese. These
dances rake the form of war-dances and love-dances.
the Most popular are tile Beksan Lawung (Yogyakarta style), Klana
Topeng (Yogyakarta style), Beksan Wayang Golek (Yogyakarta style),
Gambir Anoni (Surakarta style), Bondan (Surakarta style), Gatutkaca
Gandrung (Surakarta style), Golek (Yogyakarta style) and war-dances
such as Srikandi fighting Cakil, Prahasta fighting Hanila, Ontoreja
fighting Hanggada and so on.
dances used to be called beksan, wireng or petilan, but they are
now called only by their names.
ridiculed by Sent and Kumitir, but damarwulan persists in his plan
and asks Patih Logender's leave to go and kill Menakjingga. His
request is granted and he soon appears before Prabu Kenya to ask
permission to go to Blambangan to destroy menakjingga, At first
Prabu Kenya hesitates doubting whether only a stableboy will be
able to beat him. She grants him his request, however, and lie soon
prepares himself to go to Blambangan,
Arriving at Blambangan, Damarwulan appears before Menakjingga and
conveys Prabu Kenya's order to surrender. But Menakjingga bursts
into laughter and say that it is Prabu Kenya who has better surrender
and become his wife, Damarwulan insists until Menakjingga becomes
very angry and strikes him. A violent fight follows. Menakjingga,
who is known as the cruel and limping vassal, has a magic weapon
called the gada wesi kuning (a brass club) and cannot be beaten.
This weapon is never used except at critical moments, menakjingga's
wives, Waita and Punyengan who are watching the battle, rake pity
on Damarwulan, because they know he will surely die if the gada
wesi kuning hits him. They decide to steal the gada and give it
and again Damarwulan falls to the ground because of tile violent
blows of Menakjingga. At at moment when the latter is not looking,
Waita and Puyengan hand the gada wesi kuning to Damarwulan. Menakjingga
is greatly startied to see that his weapon is in his enemy's hand.
All of a sudden his limbs weaken and Damarwulan kills him with one
blow. After thanking Waita and Puyengan, Damarwulan asks leave to
set out for Majapahit to hand over Menakjingga's head to Prabu Kenya.
When Seta and Kumitir, both ignoble men beard about Damarwulan's
success in bringing home Menakjingga's head, they plan to take it
away from him and say to Prabu Kenya that it was they who succeeded
in killing Menakjingga.
Damarwulan is intercepted on his way by Seta and Kumitir, who take
Menakjingga's head away from him. They return to Majapahit to report
their victory, but Damarwulan soon comes to report it was he and
not they who killed Menakiingga.
Thus Damarwulan has saved Majapahit, and at the same time wins two
beautiful wives, Anjasmara and Prabu Kenya.
Beksan Lawung is a dance for men depicting the knighthood of the
Period of feudal society. it represents contests between knights
in the skill of using their lances, similar to the tournaments in
Western Europe during the Middle Ages.
Lawung has been cultivated in the palaces of both Surakarta and
Yogyakarta. Kusumakesawa, a dance expert of Sura